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Down price is based on quality

At present, the price of down and down in the global market is very chaotic. There are all kinds of prices. Even under the same international standard, there are various prices, and some are still very different. Why is this happening? In general, down prices are based on quality.

1Size of velvet
  • The duck (goose) down that has been raised for more than one year is about 100 to 150 per 0.1 gram;
  • Duck (goose) down for 6~8 months is about 200 to 230 per 0.1 gram;
  • Duck (goose) down for about 60 days is about 320 to 360 per 0.1 gram;
  • The duck (goose) down for about 35 days is about 400 to 460 per 0.1 gram;
  • Duck (goose) down for about 28 days is about 550 to 620 per 0.1 gram.


1. The longer the duck (goose) breeding time is, the longer the velvet grows: the velvet is large, the velvet silk is long and dense, the velvet silk has many edges and nodes, and the fluffy degree is high. (Down with a bulkiness of more than 800 is generally selected by hand, so the price is very high, about 800-900 yuan/kg).

2. The larger the down, the longer the down, and the tighter the down is intertwined with each other, the more difficult it is to purify; the general processing factory can only extract down to 86~88 down. To extract to a higher down content (90~95 down) requires a very professional down manufacturer to do it.

2Down color

60+ days

28~35 days

1. The velvet color of ducks (goose) that has been cultivated for more than 60 days is very white, but it cannot be guaranteed that 100% are pure white, containing about 0.1% black velvet. This is because the white ducks (geese) that have been reared for a long time will grow different-colored down on their bodies, just like people will grow white hair when they are old.

2. Duck (goose) 28~35 days of breeding has small velvet, no black velvet, but yellowish color, because the growth time is short, the heterochromatic velvet does not grow, but there are many immature velvet, so the color is yellowish. Pure white is not achieved.

3Bleached and natural fleece

Natural down is dynamic and shiny, and the down silk is soft and elastic, with good bulkiness.

In bleached down, chemical agents are added during the processing, which damages the oil layer on the surface of the natural down, resulting in dull down, brittle down, and loss of elasticity, which affects the down’s own bulkiness. Bleached down has been placed for a long time, the down silk will increase, and the down content will decrease. Well-known domestic brands use bleached down to make ready-to-wear garments. In that year, they used down with a content of 90%, and all the warehousing inspection indicators were qualified. However, when the ready-made garments in stock were sampled the following year, the down content was reduced to 85%. Now the yellowish down on the market is basically bleached. The oil layer of this kind of down is destroyed, and it will slowly turn yellow over time.

4The fluffiness of down

1. Bulkiness is a key indicator of the quality of down. Down products are mainly based on the fluffy effect of the finished product, that is, the degree of expansion; this is destined to be measured by volume rather than weight.

2. A piece of clothing filled with 80 grams of high-fluffy down is better than 100 grams of low-fluffy down. The unit price of down with high bulkiness is higher than that of down with low bulkiness, but the amount of down with high bulkiness is less and the total cost is almost the same; and the finished product is made of down with high bulkiness, and customers feel much better to the touch. , it is also much easier to recommend.

3. The higher the bulkiness, the better the quality of down. Japan, where down products are widely used, is the most important indicator of down with the level of bulkiness.

4. The test method of bulkiness should be tested by steam reduction method to be accurate. The oven method adopted in GB/T 14272-2011 standard fails to truly test the original bulkiness of down.

5Down and down content

1. The inspection methods and assessment indicators adopted by the GB/T 14272-2011 standard are difficult to detect the quality of down and down, and the content of down and feather silk is not assessed, and the standard parameter for bulkiness is low; therefore, GB/T 14272-2011 standard There are deficiencies and imperfections.

2. Down with a lot of down silk and feather silk content will easily mislead the inspection during the inspection process, which will increase the down and down content. But down silk and feather silk are the culprits of drilling down. The more down and feather silk content, the lower the bulkiness.

3. The standard parameters mislead the monitor of the clothing brand only to see the test results, not to pay attention to the bulkiness.


The GB/T 14272-2011 standard stipulates that the impurity content of down is less than 1%, and most of the down impurities in the market are more than 0.6% and less than 1%. However, the impurity content of this kind of down is still relatively high. Down with high impurity content will produce odor and bacteria that are not good for the human body. The quality of down can achieve less than 0.3% impurities. odor and bacteria, and to achieve impurities within 0.3%, it must be achieved by using fresh raw materials and through multiple processes.


Dust is a major problem in down processing plants. Since the standard has no assessment indicators to measure, through the detection of special dust removal detection instruments, the down dust content in the market is around 1.5% to 5%. This kind of down can be clearly seen in the down filling room and down filling machine. The dusty down drills a part of the down through the fabric when it is filled, and when it is filled in the down filling room, it is white. A large amount of off-white powder has accumulated on the wall of the down filling machine. This kind of down is made into a finished product. After washing, the light-colored down jacket becomes mottled like a map; while the down quilt is covered by the human body, which can cause coughing and allergies when people inhale dust.


1. Goose is a herbivore, and goose down has a small oil content, so goose down has no fishy smell.

2. The smell of grey duck down is better than that of white duck down. The duck down of free-range ducks smells better than that of captive ducks. The longer the ducks are raised, the less smell. Ducks that are 28 to 35 days old have the greatest down odor.

9Down silk, feather silk and neck hair

The less down silk, feather silk and neck hair in the down, the better.

10The difference between imported down and domestic down

1. In recent years, the GB/T 14272-2011 standard has been applied. Most manufacturers take advantage of the standard, the market supervision is not enough, the quality inspection agency is not professional, there are many indicators that have not been assessed and tested, the adulteration of down is very serious, and the market is of good quality. There is very little down, causing speculative manufacturers to hype imported down.

2. China is a major country in the world's down industry. 85% of down is produced in China. Many down are exported from China to Japan and Taiwan, and then exported from Japan and Taiwan to all over the world. Then part of the down is imported back to China. Therefore, most of the so-called imported down is also produced in China. For example, raw materials from Southeast Asian countries are now imported back to mainland China through Vietnam.

3. To process high-quality down, the raw materials must be fresh. The "golden 6 hours" of down means that it only takes 6 hours for the down from the duck (goose) to be depilated from slaughtering to the finished down. Such down can achieve first-class quality. Fewer down silk and down, and high bulkiness. Not to mention the origin of these downs, the imported raw materials have been stored and compressed for a long time, coupled with climate change, and the quality of down and feather silk is not good.

4. The duck (goose) down in the world is obtained from ducks (geese) that have grown for a certain period of time. There is no national border. Good raw materials are good raw materials wherever they come from, but good raw materials need to be processed and processed in time. Only with technical processing can we make good quality down.

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